In fact, the United States consumes 80 percent of the global opioid supply, Science Daily reports. New research shows that, after primary care physicians and internists, orthopaedic surgeons are the largest prescribers of prescription opioids - which has created unanticipated consequences.
"The past few decades have seen an alarming rise in opioid use in the United States, and the negative consequences are dramatically increasing," says study co-author Hassan R. Mir, MD, MBA, associate professor of orthopaedics and rehabilitation at Vanderbilt Orthopaedic Institute. "Management of pain is an important part of patient care; however, the increased usage of opioids for the treatment of pain has led to several unanticipated aftereffects for individual patients and for society at large."
The increased usage of opioids for orthopaedic pain management has led to:
- Patients building up tolerance to drugs.
- Worse treatment outcomes for conditions including work-related musculoskeletal disorders.
- Joint replacements and spine surgery.
- Unlawful sale or sharing of opioid medications with others.
- Addiction and unintentional overdose deaths.
The findings were published in The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.