The findings indicated that Nigeria had the lowest rate of smoking at 4 percent, compared to Russia at 39 percent. The research was conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The researchers analyzed data on more than 57,000 non-American smokers. The research team separated the participants into three groups based upon where they were individually in the quitting process:
- Pre-contemplation: smokers who did not feel the need to quit.
- Contemplation: smokers who knew they should quit, but were not ready.
- Preparation: smokers preparing to quit
The CDC researchers believe that countries can create more effective smoking cessation programs by using their findings.
"Strategies may also include public education activities and media campaigns to motivate smokers at [the pre-contemplation] stage to think of quitting," the researchers wrote.