Tuesday, September 29, 2015

College Students Less Likely to be Advised by Doctors on Substance Use

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Screening college students for drug and alcohol use is of the utmost importance, crucial for spotting problems early and referring students toward appropriate assistance. Unfortunately, substance use problems often go unnoticed; problems get out of hand and serious consequences can result.

It is no secret that college campuses can be hotbeds of reckless drinking and illicit drug use; students find themselves in foreign environments and around new faces - the desire to fit in with one’s peers is great. Fitting in often involves drugs and alcohol, and in many cases at unsafe levels. Campus faculty and health centers work hard to address the issue, hosting educational seminars and encouraging students to ask for help.

While it may seem like educating and screening college students about and for substance use is a common occurrence among doctors, research suggests that that may not always be the case. A new survey indicates that college students are less likely than their non-academic peers to be warned about the dangers of substance use by their doctors, Reuters reports. About 2,100 college students and other young adults participated in the survey.

"Despite consistent evidence of the effectiveness of brief alcohol counseling, only a small percentage of young adults are actually receiving brief alcohol counseling from their physicians," said Emily E. Tanner-Smith of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. 

The participants were asked if they had seen a doctor within the past year, and if their doctor had cautioned them about the risks of drug and alcohol use. The findings showed that less than half of those in college had been advised by their doctor, according to the article. Whereas, 53 to 57% of those not in school had been counseled about the dangers of excessive alcohol and drug use.

The researchers from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) found the results concerning, considering that college students report binge drinking or driving under the influence more often than those not in school. Brief screenings and interventions reduce alcohol problems among young people, says Dr. Ralph Hingson of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and co-author.

"(But) they don't always happen because providers, physicians, nurses and social workers don't routinely ask every young person about their drinking, drug use or smoking,"  Hingson said.

A letter from the researchers was published in JAMA Pediatrics.

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