Opioid addicts on methadone maintenance programs who find themselves incarcerated are usually denied access to methadone. While it may seem like the practice of discontinuing methadone is good for the inmate, new research suggest that keeping opioid addicts on methadone while behind bars may be the best course of action, HealthDay reports.
Stopping inmates’ methadone treatment is the most common practice, with almost 90 percent of people being denied access, or forced to undergo phased withdrawal from the medicine, when they are imprisoned, according to researchers. The research team set out to find the potential impact this practice was having.
“What we are doing with methadone in our correctional system is we are systematically taking people off it,” said study author Dr. Josiah Rich of Brown University and Director of the Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at The Miriam Hospital in a news release. “It’s the only medication that is summarily stopped upon incarceration. This study questioned that policy to find out what happens,” said Rich.
The study included 223 Rhode Island inmates who were on methadone maintenance, the article reports. The researchers found that 97 percent of inmates who were allowed to continue treatment while incarcerated went to a methadone clinic within a month of their release. Among those who were phased off methadone, 71 percent went to a methadone clinic soon after their release.
The prisoners who were involved in the study were offered financial and logistical assistance for methadone treatment upon release, according to the article.
The study found that denying inmates methadone may heighten the risk of returning back to crime upon release. “For most of these people, the very reason they are caught up in the criminal justice system is related to their addiction to begin with,” Rich noted.
The findings were published in The Lancet.
If the goal is rehabilitation for prison inmates, then offering a continuation of their methadone treatment plan while they are in prison seems the wisest course of action.